Kuhantilope Alcelaphus buselaphus (Pallas, 1766)

940


English: Hartebeest; French: Bubale; Afrikaans: Rooihartebees; Amharic: Lehwel Qorke, Tora Yawayne; Arabic: Degra el Quach, Safra; Bambara: Tankòn; Banda-Linda: Kanga; Basari: Iwèd; Damara: !!khamab; Ful: Kolona; Hausa: dari, kanki; Herero: Okatjove; Isw ana: Kgama; Kikuyu: Ng’ondi; Kiswahili: Kongoni; Kung: Ntso, ds’oo; Kwanyama: Ohumba; Lozi: Katatombwe; Maasai: Oikondi; Ndorobo: Orobout; Ovambo: ohumba; Shaba: Nkondji; Shangan: Ngondo, Gondonga; Shona: Ngama, Hwiranundo; Sindebele: Nhlezi; Tuareg: Kar gum; Turkana: Eloba; Wolof: Ndarwa; Xhosa: Ixhama; Zande: Dungu; Zulu: Indluzele, Inkologwana.

Alcelaphus b. cokeii
Alcelaphus b. cokeii

Former distribution: Throughout Africa, also present in northern Arabia and Palestine, not in the desert and rain forest regions.
Present distribution: From Senegal west to Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan and Ethiopia; south to Somalia, Kenya, Zaire, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Namibia and South Africa.
Behaviour: See Hunters Leierantilope
Population status: Extinct in North Africa, Arabia, Palestine and endangered in West Africa and in some East African countries. In all other areas stable. Estimated numbers: no records.
Brief notes:
Body weight: 150-200 kg
Head and body length: 200-245 cm
Tail length: 50-70 cm
Shoulder height: 120-145 cm
Gestation period: 8 months
Maximum age: 19 years in captivity
Hunting methods: Stalking.
Subspecies: 12. HALTENORTH, DILLER recognize 13 Subspecies (1977) and ANSELL 12 (1972). The author follows ANSELL:
1. Northern Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. buselaphus Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Palestine and Arabia. Extinct between 1860 and 1920. Trophy: Record RW’s: 15 1/2″, North Africa, British Museum.
2. Western Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. major Senegal, Gambia and Guinea, to western Nigeria. Endangered. Estimated numbers: No records. Trophy: Record SCI: 70 1/8 score, 1978, Burkina Faso, VITTORIO BOSIO; average 60 score. RW’s: 26 3/4″, Ghana, S.J. MORGAN; average 22 1/2″. CIC: 152.85 points, Benin, n.n.; average 145 points.
3. Togo Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. matschiei Ivory Coast to central Nigeria. Endangered. Estimated numbers: No records. Trophy: Record RW’s: 25 1/4″, Togo, G.W. LATHBURY; average: 22 1/2″.
4. Nigerian Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. invadens North-east Nigeria to northern Cameroon. Stable. Trophy: Record SCI: 71 3/8 score, 1980, Cameroon, JACQUES GUIN; average 60 score. RW’s: 25 5/8″, 1959, Cameroon, P. FLIZOT; average 22 1/2″. CIC: 133 points, Cameroon, Com. de Chasse; average?
5. Chad Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. chadensis Chad and south-western Central African Republic. Stable. Trophy: Record SCI: 76 3/8 score, 1982, Central African Republic, W.T. YOSHIMOTO; average 60 score. RW’s: 26 1/2″, 1968, Chad, A. CARLSBERG; average 23″.
6. Central African Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. modestus Southern Chad and Central African Republic. Stable. Trophy: See A.b. chadensis
7. Lelwel Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. lelwel Southern Sudan, north-eastern Zaire, south-western Ethiopia, northern Uganda and northern Kenya. Stable. Trophy: Record SCI: 74 1/8 score, 1967 Uganda, DR. RÜDIGER SANTFORT jr.; average 60 score. RW’s: 27 1/8″, 1970 Uganda, n.n.; average 23″.
8. Jackson’s Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. jacksoni Lake Victoria. Endangered. Estimated numbers: No records. Trophy: Record see A.b. lelwel
9. Tora Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. tora North-western and eastern Ethiopia, eastern Sudan and south-eastern Egypt. Endangered. Estimated numbers: 200-300.
Trophy: Record RW’s: 22 7/8″, 1959 Sudan, F.C. HIBBEN; average 20″.
10. Swany’s Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. swanyei Southern Ethiopia, Somalia. Endangered. Extinct in Somalia, 1960. Estimated numbers: 1400. Trophy: Record RW’s: 20 1/4″, Somalia, H.G.C. SWAYNE; average 17″. CIC: 136.95 points, 1976 Ethiopia, WILCO; average 130 points.
11. Coke’s Hartebeest or Kongoni Alcelaphus b. cokeii Central and southern Kenya, northern Tanzania. Rare. Extinct in central Kenya. Trophy: Record SCI: 65 1/8 score, 1968 Kenya, C.J. MCELROY; average 52 score. RW’s: 23 1/2″, Kenya, COUNT DE JANZEE; average 19″.
12. Red Hartebeest or Cape Hartebeest Alcelaphus b. caama Namibia, southern Angola, Botswana, western Zimbabwe and introduced again into South African Republic; in Parks and Game Reserves in Cape Province, Orange Free State and Natal. Stable. Endangered in Angola. Trophy: Record SCI: 79 4/8 score, 1984 RSA, FRE D RADEMEYER; average 62 score. RW’s: 29 1/2″, 1977 Namibia, J. KRAUSE; average 21″.
Remarks: The population status of the Hartebeest subspecies A.b. major, A.b. matschiei, A.b. jack-soni, A.b. tora, A.b. swanyei is very little known; up-to-date records required. All female hartebeests carry horns.

Alcelaphus b. caama
Alcelaphus b. caama
Hansgeorg Arndt

Bilder:

Alcelaphus b. caama