Oribi Ourebia ourebi (Zimmermann, 1783)


English: Oribi; French: Ourébie; Acholt: Lajwa; Afrikaans: Oorbietjie; Amharic: Feqo, Miwaka; Arabic: Um Digdig; Azande: Gbangbaria; Bambara: Nkolònin; Banda-Linda: Woya; Basari: Ingèr; Dinka: Mori, Loit; Ful: Pasena daroo galaa’di; Gbaya: Kalamba; Hausa: batsiya, Mapa, Bevsia; Kiswahili: Taya; Maasai: Enjusii; Nganguela: Livonge; Shaba: Kamba; Shangan: Xinhamutavi; Shona: Sinza; Sindebele: Sinza; Turkana: Ekusoghwan; Wolof: Biabare; Zulu: Iliwula.

Former distribution: As now.
Present distribution: Africa, south of the Sahara and south to the Cape Province; from Senegal east to western Ethiopia, northern and south-western Uganda, southern Somalia, south-eastern and south-western Kenya, western Tanzania, Zambia, southern Zaire, southern Angola, Caprivi-Strip in Namibia, northern Botswana, central Zimbabwe to Mozambique, and in South Africa in Transvaal, Orange Free State and the eastern parts of the Cape Province.
Behaviour: Preferred habitat: open grassland plains with light bush cover in the vicinity of water; they live singly or in pairs; active at twilight; predominantely grazers. Predators: See Steinböckchen
Population status: Probably stable, rare in Angola.
Brief notes:
Body weight: 15-22 kg
Head and body length: 100-130 cm
Tail length: 10-15 cm
Shoulder height: 50-67 cm
Gestation period: 210-211 days
Maximum age: 10-12 years, 14 years in captivity
Trophy: Record SCI: 18 4/8 score, 1982 Zambia, SCOTT R. MAIER; average 6 score. RW’s: 7 1/2″, Malawi, D. MACALPINE; average 6″.
Hunting methods: Stalking.
Subspecies: 13 (ANSELL, 1972)
1. Ou. ou. ourebi (South Africa)
2. Ou. ou. dorcas (Chad)
3. Ou. ou. goslingi (North Zaire)
4. Ou. ou. montana (Sudan to west Ethiopia)
5. Ou. ou. gallarum (Central Ethiopia)
6. Ou. ou. kenyae (Kenya)
7. Ou. ou. aequatoria (Uganda)
8. Ou. ou. ugandae (Uganda)
9. Ou. ou. cottoni (Tanzania)
10. Ou. ou. hastata (Zaire, Malawi, Zimbabwe)
11. Ou. ou. quadriscopa (Senegal to Nigeria)
12. Ou. ou. rutila (Angola) Trophy: See species
13. Ou. ou. haggardi (Northern Kenya) Trophy: Record SCI: 13 5/8 score, 1960 Kenya, A.J. MCELROY. RW’s: 6 3/8″, Kenya, Paris Museum (Orleans); average 3 3/4″.
Remarks: A revision of these 13 subspecies is overdue.