Buschschwein Potamochoerus porcus (Linné, 1758)

2565


English: Bush Pig; French: Potamochère; Afrikaans: Bosvark; Amharic: Yedur Assama; Damara: !garohagub; Foulada: Bullungu (danee jum); Gbaya: ngoya; Hausa: Aladen Daji; Iswana: Kolobe topo; Kikuyu: ng’urve; Kirundu: Satura; Kiswahili: Nguruwe; Kwanyama: Onguluve; Lozi: Sipongo; Maasai: Olmakiteng, olbitir; Nganguela: Ngulue; Ovambo: Oshingulu; Sango: mbèngè; Shangan: Khumba; Shona: Humba; Sindebele: Ngulungundu; Sotho: Klobê, Klobêsodi; Tswana: Kolobê; Wolof: Mbaam aale; Xhosa: Ingulube; Yoruba: Turuku, ehede-igbo; Zulu: Inglubi, Ingulube.

Former distribution: As now.
Present distribution: From Guinea to Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, northern and western Angola, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique, Zimbabwe, the Cape Province and Natal in South Africa, and Madagascar.
Behaviour: Preferred habitat: rain and secondary forests; they live in groups of up to 12 led by a dominant boar: activity predominantly nocturnal -occasionally diurnal: omnivorous feeding on roots, berries, grass, fruits, fungi, small animals and carrion, eggs and reptiles. Predators are lions, leopards, hyenas.
Population status: Stable.
Brief notes:
Body weight: 75-130 kg
Head and body length: 100-150 cm
Tail length: 30-40 cm
Shoulder height: 55-100 cm
Gestation period: 127 days
Maximum age: 10-15 years
Trophy: Tusk record RW’s: 11 7/8″, 4″, 1966 Mozambique, BARONESS VON ALVENSLEBEN; average 4″, 2″. SCI: 22 2/8″ score, 1972 Mozambique, V. CABRAL; average 11″ score.
Hunting methods: Stalking, with dogs and beaters.
Subspecies: R.H.N. SMITHERS 1983 noted 11 subspecies; ST.J. SMITH 1984 18 subspecies, and HALTENORTH, TRENSE 1956 18 subspecies, HALTENORTH, DlLLER 1977 13 subspecies.
Remarks: There is no exact taxonomic base for these listed 11, 13 or 18 subspecies. Some descriptions were based on inadequate material; therefore reclassification is suggested here.

Bilder:

ANZEIGEAboangebot