Java-Nashorn Rhinoceros sondaicus (Desmarest, 1822)

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English: Javan Rhinoceros; French: Rhinocéros de la Sonde; Bahasa Jawa: Badak; Bahasa Sunda: Badak; Bengali: Gonda; Burmese: Kyeng, Kyan-tsheng; Hindi: Gainda; Indonesian: Badak raya, cula satu.

Former distribution: Eastern India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Chinese border, Sumatra and Java.
Present distribution: Western Java, Laos-Kampuchea border in Laos, probably on the Thailand-Burma border.
Behaviour: See Sumatra-Nashorn
Population status: Endangered. 40-55 estimated.
Brief notes:
Body weight: Up to 1400 kg
Head and body length: 200-310 cm
Tail length: 50-60 cm
Shoulder height: 140-150 cm
Gestation period: 480 days
Maximum age: 40 years
Trophy: Horn length: Record RW’s: 32″ and 10 3/4″ Java, British Museum.
Remarks: Reasons for the decline include uncontrolled hunting for aphrodisiac products. The Udjung Kulon National Reserve may lead to an increase of these rhinoceroses.

Bilder:

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