Schabrackentapir Tapirus indicus (Desmarest, 1819)


English: Malayan Tapir; French: Tapir des Indes; Bahasa Jawa: Tapir; Bahasa Sunda: Tapir; Burmese: Tara-shu; Indonesian: babi janggut, babi putih, babi hutan; Kheh: Si-put-chin; Malay: Kuda-ayer, Tennu; Thai: Som-Set; Badak murai, Badak tampong, Badak terenok, Sipan, Teno.

Former distribution: Sumatra, the Malaysian Peninsula into central Burma and south-eastern Thailand.
Present distribution: Thailand and Sumatra.
Behaviour: Preferred habitat: dense rain forests and swamps: diet includes grasses, leaves and aquatic plants; they are good swimmers and climbers, and are active hocturnally; they usually live singly or in pairs. Predators are tigers and leopards.
Population status: Endangered; Sumatra 40-50.
Brief notes:
Body weight: 250-300 kg
Head and body length: 220-250 cm
Tail length: 5-10 cm
Shoulder height: 90-105 cm
Gestation period: 390-395 days
Maximum age: 30 years
Hunting methods: Protected by law.
Remarks: Only a few isolated groups are found in the distribution areas; in Burma the tapirs are probably extinct. They may survive in remote and protected regions in Thailand. Reasons for the decline include human disturbance, destruction of habitat by deforestation and uncontrolled hunting.