Thomsongazelle Gazella thomsoni (Gunther, 1884)


English: Thomson’s Gazelle; French: Gazelle de Thomson; Amharic: Yemongal Medafeyel; Dinka: Nyer; Kikuyu: Thwara, Ng’uri, Njuwacui; Kirundi: Intaramvyi; Kiswahili: Swala tomi, Lala; Maasai: Enkolii, Enaibor tuli, Enkopera; Ndorobo: Ngoinee; Nuer: Ngar.

Former distribution: As now.
Present distribution: From southern Sudan to Kenya and northern Tanzania.
Behaviour: Preferred habitat: open grass plains with light bush and scrub cover, in low and hilly habitats up to 2000 m: gregarious, forming herds of up to 200 – and during migration of up to several thousands: predominantly grazers, active at twilight. Predators include lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, wild dogs.
Population status: Stable.
Brief notes:
Body weight: 20-30 kg
Head and body length: 90-110 cm
Tail length: 20-27 cm
Shoulder height: 60-65 cm
Gestation period: 187-188 days
Maximum age: 10 1/2 years
Trophy: Record SCI: 42 6/8 score, 1975 Kenya, HECTOR CUELLAR; average 34 score.
RW’s: 17″, 1975 Kenya, J.J. VETETO; average 13″.
Hunting methods: Stalking with trackers.
Subspecies: 3
1. Gazella th. thomsoni Southern Kenya. Stable.
2. Gazella th. albonotata Eastern Sudan and northern Kenya. Stable. Trophy: Record SCI: 37 4/8 score, 1976 Sudan, DON HITZHUSEN; average 28 score. RW’s: 13 3/4″, VICOMTE C. DE TALHOUET; average 10 1/2″.
3. Gazella th. biedermanni Northern Tanzania. Stable. Trophy: No records.
Remarks: acc. to HALTENORTH (1977) 15 subspecies are listed, but only 3 should be recognized as here.